Child Predators Citations

  Child Predators Citations

Among girls 15 and younger who become pregnant, between 60 and 80 percent of them are impregnated by adult men.

· Ponton, Lynn, MD. The Sex Lives of Teenagers. Plume: New York,

2000. p. 214.

· Zavodny, Madeline, “The Effect of Partners’ Characteristics on

Teenage Pregnancy and Its Resolution,” Family Planning Perspectives, 33:5, September/October 2001. p. 192

· “Fact Sheet: Pregnancy & Childbearing Among U.S. Teens,”

Planned Parenthood Federation of America, http://www.plannedparenthood.org.

· Darroch, Jacqueline E., Landry, David J., Oslak, Selene,

“Pregnancy Rates Among U.S. Women and Their Partners in 1994,” Family Planning Perspectives, 31:3, May/June 1999, 122-126, p. 136.

· Abma, Joyce, Driscoll, Anne, Moore, Kristin, “Young Women’s

Degree of Control over First Intercourse: An Exploratory Analysis,” Family Planning Perspectives, 30:1, February 1998, pp. 12-18.

· Briggs, Bill, “Anyone listening? Concerned students examine

teen pregnancy, The Denver Post, February 22, 1998, 2D Edition, F-1 and Briggs, Bill “Robbing the Cradle: The truth about teen pregnancies,” The Denver Post, February 26, 1996, 2D Edition, E-1.

· Nevada State Welfare Division, “Enforcing Statutory Rape Law

in Nevada: Lesson Book,” Distance Education Option and Grimes, Shaunta, “Teen pregnancy rate drops but Nevada still leading nation,” Las Vegas Sun, December 10, 1999, http://www.lasvegassun.com.

· O’Connell, Loraine, “Let’s Welcome Back the Concept of

Jailbait,” Orlando Sentinel, February 23, 1996, E1.

(The following studies provide data from birth certificates only. They do not relate to pregnancies that end in miscarriage or abortion.)

· Males, Mike and Chew, Kenneth, “The Ages of Fathers in

California Adolescent Births, 1993,” American Journal of Public Health, 86:4, April 1996, 565-568.

· Landry, David J., Forrest, Jacqueline Darroch, “How Old Are

U.S. Fathers?,” Family Planning Perspectives, 27:4, August 1995, 159-161, 165.

· Moore, Kristin, Miller, Brent, Sugland, Barbara, Morrison,

Donna Ruane, Glei, Dana A., Blumenthal, Connie, “Beginning Too Soon: Adolescent Sexual Behavior, Pregnancy and Parenthood: A Review of Research and Interventions,” http://aspe.os.dhhs.gov/hsp/cyp/xsteesex.htm.

· Sonenstein, Stewart, Lindberg, Pernas, Williams, “Involving

Males in Preventing Teen Pregnancy: A Guide for Program Planners,” Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 1997, http://www.urban.org. p. 19

· Sylvester, “Teenage Pregnancy: A Preventable Calamity,”

Progressive Policy Institute, January 23, 1995, http://www.pponline.org

· Smith, Peggy, Ph.D., Mumford, David, MD, Foreman, Sandra, JD,

“Legal issues associated with sexual activity between adults and minors in Texas: A review,” Texas Medicine, 95:7, July 1999, pp. 65-69.

We have also uncovered data showing that as the age of the victim goes down, the age of the perpetrator goes up. 

· Males, Chew, “The Ages of Fathers in California Adolescent

Births, 1993,” American Journal of Public Health, 86:4, April 1996, 565-568 and Males, “Adult involvement in teenage childbearing and STD,” The Lancet, v 346, July 8, 1995, pp. 64-65.

· Montfort, Sue, Brick, Peggy. Unequal Partners, Second Edition.

The Center for Family Life Education, Planned Parenthood of Greater northern New Jersey, Inc.: Morristown, NJ, 2000.

· Males, Mike, “School-age Pregnancy: Why Hasn’t Prevention

Worked?,” Journal of School Health, 63:10, December 1993, pp. 429-432.

Average age of men who father children with girls under 14 is now higher than the average age of men who father children with 18-year-olds.

· Males, Mike, “Adult Liaison in the ‘Epidemic’ of ‘Teenage’

Birth, Pregnancy, and Venereal Disease,” The Journal of Sex Research, 1992, 525-545. National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle V, 1995, National Center for Health Statistics. See also: State of California, “Statutory Rape Vertical Prosecution – Fourth Year Report,” January 2000.

When compared to girls who are sexually active with boys near their own age, these girls are more likely to:

Have multiple sex partners

· Boyer D. and D. Fine “Sexual Abuse as a Factor in Adolescent

Pregnancy and Child Maltreatment.” Family Planning Perspectives 1992;24:4-11

· Lamb ME, Elster AB and Travere J, “Behavorial Profiles of

Adolescent Mothers and Partners with Varying Intracouple age differences.” Journal of Adolescent Research, 1986, 1:399-408.

· Luster T, Small S, “Sexual Abuse History and Number of Sex

Partners among female Adolescent, Family Planning Perspectives, 1997, 29:204-211.

· Browning CR and Laumann EO, “Sexual contact between children

and adults: a life course perspective.” American Sociological Review 1997, 62(4):540-560.

· Nagy S, DiClemente R, Adcock A, “Adverse Factors Associated

with Forced Sex Among Southern Adolescent Girls,” Pediatrics, 1995, 96(5):944-946

Drop out of school

· Lamb ME, Elster AB and Travere J, “Behavorial Profiles of

Adolescent Mothers and Partners with Varying Intracouple age differences.” Journal of Adolescent Research, 1986, 1:399-408.

· Planned Parenthood Federation of America [online] –

www.plannedparenthood.org/library/TEEN-PREGNANCY/reducing.html 1/23/02] “Plannedparenthooddotorg: Fact Sheet: Reducing teen pregnancy,” p. 1 of 10.

— www.plannedparenthood.org/library/TEEN-PREGNANCY/teenpreg_fact.html 1/23/02 “Plannedparenthooddot: Fact Sheet: Pregnancy & Childbearing,” pp. 1&2 of 5.

· Hollander D, “Risks and Disadvantages are Raised for Teenage

Mothers with Older Partners,” Family Planning Perspectives, 2001, 33(6):285-286.

— “Young Mothers’ Disadvantage, Not Their age itself,

Accounts for Their Children’s Educational Problems,” Family Planning Perspectives, 2001, 33(6):282-283.

· Kaplan, Elaine Bell. Not Our Kind of Girl: Unraveling the

Myths of Black Teenage Motherhood. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1997.

· Laird, J and Hartman A, eds. A Handbook of Child Welfare: 

Context Knowledge and Practice, New York: The Free Press, 1985., p. 547-549.

· Briggs, Bill “Robbing the Cradle: The truth about Teen

pregnancy,” The Denver Post, Monday, Feb. 26, 1996.

· National Research Council Panel on Adolescent Pregnancy and

Childbearing, Risking the Future: Adolescent Sexuality, Pregnancy and Childbearing, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987. pp. 126-128, 217-219.

· Meckler, Laura “Teenage girls having sex with more boys than

men,” Associated Press, August 13, 1999.

Engage in dangerous sexual behaviors

· Boyer D. and D. Fine “Sexual Abuse as a Factor in Adolescent

Pregnancy and Child Maltreatment.” Family Planning Perspectives 1992;24:4-11.

· Singh S, Darroch JE, “Trends in Sexual Activity Among

Adolescent Women: 1982-95,” Family Planning Perspectives, 1999, 31(5):212-219.

· Finkelhor, D Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research,

New York: The Free Press, 1984. pp. 191-196.

Become pregnant

· Miller K, L Clark, and J Moore. “Sexual Initiation with Older

Male Partners and Subsequent HIV Risk Behavior Among Female Adolescents.” Family Planning Perspectives, 1997, 29:212-214.

· Males M, “School-age Pregnancy: Why hasn’t prevention

worked?” Journal of School Health, 1993, 63(10):429-432.

· Boyer D, Fine D, “Sexual Abuse as a Factor in Adolescent

Pregnancy and Child Maltreatment,” Family Planning Perspectives, 1992, 24:4-11.

· Briggs, Bill “Robbing the Cradle: The truth about Teen

pregnancy,” The Denver Post, Feb. 26, 1996 Monday, 2nd edition.

· Jennings, Diane “Tackling Teen Pregnancy: High Birth Rate in

Texas Sparks Community Programs that Stress Abstinence,” Dallas Morning News, February 2, 1997. p. 1-A

· National Research Council Panel on Adolescent Pregnancy and

Childbearing, Risking the Future: Adolescent Sexuality, Pregnancy and Childbearing, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987. 

· Taylor D, Chavez G, Chabra A, and Boggess J., “Risk Factors

for Adult Paternity in Births to Adolescents,” Obstetrics & Gynecology, 1997, 89(2):199-205.

· Hsu G. “Statutory Rape: The dirty secret behind teen sex

numbers,” Family Policy, 1996.

Runaway from home and be lured into prostitution

· Flowers, R. Barri Runaway Kids and Teenage Prostitution,

Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. see Ch. 13.

· Finkelhor D, Araji S, Baron L, Browne A, Doyle-Peters S,

Wyatt GE A Source Book on Childhood Sexuality, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1986.

· Roosa MW, et al., “The relationship of childhood sexual abuse

to teenage pregnancy,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 1997, 59(1):119-130.

· Guidry MH, “Childhood Sexual Abuse: Role of the Family

Physician,” American Family Physician, 1995, 51(2):407-414.

· Kaplan, Elaine Bell. Not Our Kind of Girl: Unraveling the

Myths of Black Teenage Motherhood. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1997 p. 130. 

Abuse drugs or alcohol

· Leitenberg H, Saltzman H, “A Statewide Survey of Age at First

Intercourse for Adolescent Females and Age of their Male Partners: Relation to Other Risk Behaviors and Statutory Rape Implications,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2000, 29(3):203-212.

· Vener AM, Stewart CS, “Sexual Behavior in Middle America

Revisited: 1970-1973,” Journal of Marriage and Family, 1974, 36:728-735.

· Brown LK, DiClemente RJ, and Beausoliel NI, “Comparison of

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Related Knowledge, Attitudes, Intentions, and Behaviors among Sexually Active Abstinent Young Adolescents,” J of Adolescent Health, 1992, 13: 140. 

· Boyer D, Fine D, “Sexual Abuse as a Factor in Adolescent

Pregnancy and Child Maltreatment,” Family Planning Perspectives, 1992, 24:4-11.

· Luster T, Small S, “Sexual Abuse History and Problems in

Adolescence: Exploring the Effects of Moderating Variables,” Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1997, 59:131-142.

· Guidry M, “Childhood Sexual Abuse: The Role of the Family

Physician,” American Family Physician, 1995, 51(2)407-414.

· Roosa MW, et al., “The relationship of childhood sexual abuse

to teenage pregnancy,” J of Marr and Family ‘97;59(1):119-130.

· Nagy S, DiClemente R, Adcock A, “Adverse Factors Associated

with Forced Sex Among Southern Adolescent Girls,” Pediatrics, 1995, 96(5):944-946.

· Flowers, R. Barri Runaway Kids and Teenage Prostitution,

Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. p. 112.

End up on welfare

· Kaplan, Elaine Bell. Not Our Kind of Girl: Unraveling the

Myths of Black Teenage Motherhood. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1997.

· Laird, J and Hartman A, eds. A Handbook of Child Welfare: 

Context Knowledge and Practice, New York: The Free Press, 1985., p. 547-549.

· Planned Parenthood Federation of America [online—

www.plannedparenthood.org/library/TEEN-PREGNANCY/reducing.html 1/23/02] “Plannedparenthooddotorg: Fact Sheet: Reducing teen pregnancy,”

— www.plannedparenthood.org/library/TEEN-PREGNANCY/teenpreg_fact.html 1/23/02 “Plannedparenthooddot: Fact Sheet: Pregnancy & Childbearing,” pp. 1&2 of 5.

· Sylvester K, “Teen Pregnancy: A Preventable Calamity” PPI

Policy Report, Progressive Policy Institute, November, 1994. www.ppionline.org.

· National Research Council Panel on Adolescent Pregnancy and

Childbearing, Risking the Future: Adolescent Sexuality, Pregnancy and Childbearing, Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1987. pp. 130-133.

Be estranged from friends and family

· Kaplan, Elaine Bell. Not Our Kind of Girl: Unraveling the

Myths of Black Teenage Motherhood. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press, 1997. p. 55.

· Lamb ME, Elster AB and Travere J, “Behavorial Profiles of

Adolescent Mothers and Partners with Varying Intracouple age differences.” Journal of Adolescent Research, 1986, 1:399-408.

· Agurcia CA, et al., “The Behavioral Risks and Life

Circumstances of Adolescent Mothers involved with Older Adult Partners,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 2001, 155(7):822-830.

· Pipher, Mary Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of

Adolescent Girls, New York: Random House, 1994. p. 24

· Finkelhor, D Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research, New

York: Free Press, 1984. Ch. 6 – “Initial and Long-term Effects: A conceptual Framework,” pp. 180-198.

Be in physically abusive relationships

· Browning CR and Laumann EO, “Sexual contact between children

and adults: a life course perspective.” American Sociological Review 1997, 62(4):540-560.

· Musick, Judith Young, Poor and Pregnant: The Psychology of

Teenage Motherhood, New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1993.

Become divorced

· Elliott DM, Briere J, “Sexual Abuse Trauma Among Professional

Women: Validating the Trauma Symptom Checklist,” Child Abuse and Neglect, 1992, 16:391-398. 

· Hsu G. “Statutory Rape: The dirty secret behind teen sex

numbers,” Family Policy, 1996.

Among sexually active girls between 11 and 13, those who are having sexual relationships with men more than five years older than themselves are significantly more likely to attempt suicide. 

· Leitenberg H, Saltzman H, “A Statewide Survey of Age at First

Intercourse for Adolescent Females and Age of their Male Partners: Relation to Other Risk Behaviors and Statutory Rape Implications,” Archives of Sexual Behavior, 2000, 29(3):203-212.

· Luster T, Small S, “Sexual Abuse History and Problems in

Adolescence: Exploring the Effects of Moderating Variables,” Journal of Marriage and the Family, 1997, 59:131-142.

· Nagy S, Adcock AG, Magy MC., “A Comparison of Risky Health

behaviors of Sexually Active, Sexually Abused and Abstaining Adolescents.” Pediatrics, 1994, 93:570-575.

The highest rate of sexually transmitted diseases in America is found among females ages 15 to 19, and that the overwhelming majority of these girls contracted these diseases from adult males. 

· Male M, “School-age Pregnancy: Why hasn’t prevention worked?”

Journal of School Health, 1993 63(10):429-432

· Miller K, L Clark, and J Moore. “Sexual Initiation with Older

Male Partners and Subsequent HIV Risk Behavior Among Female Adolescents.” Family Planning Perspectives, 1997, 29:212-214.

· Westrom L, Mardh PA, “Acute Salpingitis. Aspects on

Aetiology, Diagnosis and Prognosis” in Genital Infections and Their Complictions, D Danielssen, L Jublin and PA Mardh, eds. Stockholm: Alqvist & Wiksell International, 1975. pp. 157-167.

· Chacko MR, Lovchik JC “Chlamydia trachomatis infection in

Sexually active adolescents: prevelence and risk factors.” Pediatrics, 1984, 73(6):836-840.

· Tomarken J, “Digests: Among Teenagers Treated For Chlamydia,

two-year reinfection rate nears 20%,” Family Planning Perspectives 33(3):135-136.

· based on data from: Xu, et al. “Repeat Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women: analysis throgh a surveillance case registry in Washington State, 1993-1998.” American Journal of Epidemiology¸ 2000, 152(12):1164-1170.

· Remez L, “Digests: Independent predictors of Chlamydia and

Gonorrhea do not identify adolescents at high risk for infection,” Family Planning Perspectives, 1999, 31(2):101-102.

· Burstein GR, Gaydos CA, Diener-West M, Howell MR, Zenilman J,

Quin TC. “Incident Chlamydia trachomatis infections among inner-city adolescent females,” Journal of the American Medical Association, 280:521-6.

· Burstein GR, et al., “Screening for gonorrhea and chlamydia by

DNA amplification in adolescents attending middle school health centers: opportunity for early intervention,” Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 1998, 25(8):395-402.

· Abma J, Driscoll A, Moore K, “Young Women’s Degree of Control

over First Intercourse: An exploratory analysis,” Family Planning Perspectives, 1998, 30(1):12-18.

Abortion industry data showing that underage girls given abortion or birth control are not being reported. Backed up by government documentation.

· U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration on

Children, Youth and Families. Child Maltreatment 1999 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2001).

· Moore, K.A., Driscoll, A.K., Lindberg, L.D. A Statistical

Portrait of Adolescent Sex, Contraception, and Childbearing. Washington, DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, 1998.

· The Alan Guttmacher Institute, “Facts In Brief: Contraceptive

Services,” http://www.agi-usa.org.

· U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Youth Risk

Behavior Survey 99, Version 2,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

· U.S. Census Bureau, American Fact Finder, Detailed Tables:

P12: Sex By Age, P14: Sex By Age for the Population Under 20 Years, PCT12: Sex By Age, http://www.census.gov.

 

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